by Tekalign S, Adera C, den Boer M, Miecha H, Zewde A, Mulugeta D, Bishawu T, Birru W, Lema A, Sahlu T, Alves F, Manzi M, Takarinda K, van Griensven J. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 2020; 14(6.1):42S-47S. doi: 10.3855/jidc.11731
Summary: While the clinical features of visceral leishmaniasis are well-characterized in North-West Ethiopia, there have been no studies from the Oromia region where visceral leishmaniasis care has only recently been introduced. Regional information is required to optimize provision of visceral leishmaniasis care and to monitor progress in reducing the burden at the country level. The authors report the results of a retrospective cohort study of the number of visceral leishmaniasis cases registered over time (2013-2018) in three health care facilities in the Oromia region and the clinical profile, type of treatment used and response to treatment. Children were most commonly affected, suggesting long-term endemicity. While short-term outcomes are encouraging, long-term follow-up data are required.